Most parents are excited to hear their children’s first words. Usually, this happens between their 9th to 12th months of age. By age of two, the child is now expected to make simple phrases. When they reach third year, they should be able to make full sentences.
After another birthday, he should now be able to talk and reply, although they may still be some tolerable errors. By the time they reach five, they should have already learned most of the basic language. This feature about child development stages language should guide you about children’s speech progress so you’ll know what to expect as they grow older.
First Child Development Stages Language: Prelinguistic
The prespeech stage is where the child at in their early years. Speech-related aspects include eye contacts, gestures, sound repartee between child and caretaker, babbling, and crying. For example, the child can make prespeech sounds such as mamamama, dadada, and waaah.
Children in their 10th-13th month are usually in this stage. Their one-word utterance is accompanied by a context in which it takes place. They include non-verbal cues as well. For example, there’s a child leaning over to the edge of his bed while pointing at his bottle and uttering a one-word sentence like “dada” in a commanding way. In this case, an adult easily catches the child’s holophrase as, “Give me my bottle again (so I won’t cry anymore).” Another example could be “doggo”, which could mean, “I want to pet the dog.”
The child should be in his 18th month for this stage. During this time, his sentence structures should’ve been better. The child’s “sentences” is now made up of noun or verb + modifier. This enables the child to make new sentences that can be negative, declarative, and interrogative. Such examples would be:
“No more” (negative)
“Car big” (declarative)
“Where dog?” (interrogative)
The child usually belongs in this stage in his 2 and 2 ½ years of age. Morphemes that are comprised of prefixes and suffixes are now used to change meanings. Moreover, the child can now make proper sentence using subject-verb agreement. Using the previous examples, they can now be:
“No more candy.”
“Car is big.”
“Where is dog?”
There may be some linguistic errors but they’re almost there. Their sentences are still telegraphic and long. Additionally, language developmental levels can be reached in an earlier or later stage depending on the child. The quality of language a child should be taught and received should be important.
More Complex Grammatical Structures
Children are usually in this stage between 2 ½ to 3 years old. During this time, they are now able to use more sophisticated grammatical structures. Conjunctions are even added, permuted, and embedded within the sentences. For example:
“I can’t play.” (permutation)
“Read it, my name.” (conjunction)
“Where is mother?” (embedding)
Adult-Like Grammatical Structures
Children ages 5 to 6 usually belong here. Complex sentence structures can now be uttered, such as using the concepts of “promise” and changing the sentence to fit in accordingly. Some examples would be:
“Tell her my name.”
“She promised to give me gift.”
More Important Concepts For You To Follow
Syntax is the order of words in every language. Language is focused on the proper building of syntax and the ability of communicate through speech is expressive language. On the other hand, speech comprehension, being able to understand what is conveyed is called receptive language. A child must be able to understand and communicate in a perfect balance. Although this varies from each child, they usually understand more than they can express.