Whether you study psychology, anthropology, or literary theory, Freud and Freudian stages of child development are everywhere. Sigmund Freud is a leading name whenever we talk about psychosexual behavior among children. Various researches are done over Freudian stages of child development. For obvious reasons, some researchers considered it the best, whereas some found various flaws and discarded it completely. However, some innumerable researchers have extended the Psychoanalytic school introduced by Sigmund Freud in the nineteenth century. Let’s look at what Freud says about a child’s mind and behavior at various stages.
What Do You Mean By Freudian Stages Of Child Development
Sigmund Freud mainly focused on ‘libido’ while talking about Freudian stages of child development. According to him, libido is the sexual energy and also the force of life. He also talks about the three-part system of the human psyche in the Freudian stages of child development. He elaborates the three-part system of the human psyche that constitutes the Id, Ego, and Superego. In the Freudian stages of child development, he talks about why the libido should not be gratified and shouldn’t be frustrated too much. Let’s look at the Freudian stages of development now.
Five Freudian Stages Of Child Development
When we talk about Freudian stages of child development, there is a discourse around it. Some scholars argue that there are four, while others argue that there are five Freudian development stages. We will stick to the five Freudian stages of child development that you can find below-
1. Oral Stage- At this first stage of Freudian stages of child development, the libido is centering in the baby’s mouth. This stage remains from 0 to 1 year.
2. Anal stage- It begins right after the oral stage ends and extends up to 3 years of age. The child is given ‘toilet training’ in this stage as the libido focuses on controlling the bowel movement.
3. Phallic stage- The third stage of Freudian stages of child development spans from 3 to 6 years of age. At this stage, the child learns about the difference between male and female, as libido’s focus is on the genitals.
4. Latency stage- It begins at six years of age and reaches puberty. Here ego and superego start to develop.
5. Genital stage- The last among the Freudian stages of child development starts from puberty and reaches adulthood. The strong sexual interest in the opposite sex grows at this stage.
There are various allegations over the Freudian stages of child development put by various scholars. Some researchers say that there is a lot more going on in the child’s conscious and subconscious mind other than the sexual forces, whereas others outrightly discard the very notion of libido as the life force. However, no matter how many limitations this approach holds, Freudian development stages are still the crux of child development psychology worldwide.