The debate between nature or nurture in child development psychology has gained popularity over the past decade. This is largely due to the controversial viewpoints of this field. Although there appear to be strong genetic and neurological components in all children, it is argued that these are not fixed and are influenced by environmental factors. Nurture in this sense is seen as acting as a hindrance in the development of children.
Most people tend to agree with the beliefs of nurture over nature when it comes to child development psychology. But why is this so? Why is there a strong emphasis on nurturing over nature when both appear to be equally important? Well, for starters, many psychologists believe that a child’s success depends more on the family environment than on the genetic inheritance passed down from parents. The presence of both parents in a home is seen as essential in shaping the personality and emotional makeup of a child.
Nature Vs Nurture Child Development Psychology
Another belief of nurture over nature in child development psychology is that there is some sort of link between environment and temperament. This theory is supported by the fact that some people just seem to have a knack for nurturing while others lack this quality. In nature, the role of parents plays a vital role in shaping the traits of their children. But researchers claim that this is only true for a certain percentage of the population – roughly 10%.
The debate about nurture and nature has been going on for decades now. Even Freudian psychotherapists have looked at this issue from an entirely different perspective. They have looked at the differences between child development psychology and behaviour therapy and determined that the former deals more with the causes and triggers of behaviour and emotional problems than the latter. Basically, both nurture and behaviour are learned responses that can be modified by means of therapy helps the individual to control their emotional responses naturally.
In recent years, however, there have been more studies focusing on behaviour and self-control as factors contributing to children’s behaviour problems. These studies have shown that children’s poor behaviour is not caused by a lack of parental discipline or guidance. It seems that poor parenting skills or a lack of understanding of how children should behave are what actually hinder children from living up to their full potential. And when they grow up, these children often have difficulty fitting in with their peers and finding meaningful relationships. It is also believed that because children who are brought up with positive rules and positive social ties tend to act better than those who are brought up with harsh rules and harsh social isolation, it is the parents who shape up their children.
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Child development psychology experts who are proponents of natural parenting believe that a mother’s nurturing acts to mould her child’s personality into that of an independent, caring, and self-respecting adult. It is said that she provides her child with everything from the love of her life to the best school in town so that he grows up to be a responsible person who is able to get along in the world. This, they believe, empowers the child in making his own choices and shaping his personality. In contrast, the sceptics believe that all that mom does is provide shelter, food, clothing, education, and a few basic amenities and then she takes care of her own needs until her own adolescence is complete. As such, they argue that it is really a mom’s job to provide her children with everything and to raise them well. They also say that it is wrong for parents to bottle up their emotions and leave their children at home until they are old enough to make their own decisions.
But whichever camp you fall on when debating the debate over nature vs. nurture for children, it is undeniable that one of the biggest factors shaping children’s personality is their environment. No matter how loving and caring a parent may be, children are more likely to develop healthy behaviours and attitudes if they are surrounded by positive interactions. In fact, studies have shown that children whose parents regularly play together in the family’s main living space, for example, are much more likely to grow up with similar behavioural patterns and views than children whose parents spend most of their time apart. And these patterns and views become more deeply ingrained as they become teenagers, which is why some psychologists argue that the key to child development psychology is making sure that children are exposed to as many positive influences as possible during this crucial developmental stage.
According to some child development psychology experts, the best way to encourage healthy relationships between children and their parents is to ensure that the parents themselves are good role models. For instance, if both parents smoke cigarettes but try to give their children only a limited amount of cigarette time each day, the children are less likely to pick up the habit. Or if the mother smoking while the father drinks alcohol, both the mother and the father would likely exhibit unhealthy behaviour, which can have long-lasting effects on the children.