Types of parenting and its impacts on children

parental love

Managing your child’s behavior is the main task for parents. Different styles of parenting provide different approaches to this problem; here are several types of parenting styles-

Authoritative parents

A man and a woman sitting in a field

Authoritative parents are warm and supportive but they also have high expectations for their children. They establish rules that are clear and easy to follow but offer explanations about why the rules exist. If children fail to follow a rule there is a consequence, which is logical and enforced consistently. Children of authoritative parents tend to be self-reliant, self-directed, and socially competent. Additionally, they are intellectually advanced. On the negative side, children may not be as happy or well-adjusted as those raised by authoritarian parents. In this parenting style, there is a high degree of responsiveness and warmth. Parents are still the authority, but they offer explanations for rules and listen to their children’s opinions. Children of authoritarian parents tend to be conservative and conventional and may not achieve as highly in school. They also tend to be less happy than those raised by authoritative parents.

Authoritarian parents

Authoritarian parents are strict, have many rules, and refuse to negotiate. They demand children do what they are told without explanation. Rules are clear-cut, inflexible, and enforced with hostility or even corporal punishment. Children of authoritarian parents are likely to be unhappy and aggressive. They tend to do well in school but may lack the ability to make choices or think for themselves. They also tend to be less popular with their peers and more likely to become delinquent.

Low-parenting style

A low-parenting style is characterized by very little nurturance or control. Parents rarely praise children and do not react to misbehavior with punishment or disapproval. Children of such parents tend to be aggressive and socially inept, as well as more likely to become involved in crime. A parent practicing a “hands-off” approach has a more difficult time interacting with their child. Children of parents who practice this style come across as being very self-centered and without much respect for others, including their parents.

Permissive parenting styles

Permissive parents let their child get his/her way most of the time. They make few demands and instead try to be friends with their kids. This style is also called indulgent or laissez-faire. Parents practicing this type of parenting may offer explanations for rules, but rarely follow through with punishments and generally give in to their child’s wishes. These parents are warm and nurturing, but not very demanding. Children of permissive parents tend to be self-centered or even narcissistic and have a hard time empathizing with others. They also tend to perform poorly in school, get involved in drugs and alcohol at a young age, and generally do not achieve much success.

Uninvolved parents

Uninvolved parents are neglectful. They have few demands, rules, or expectations for their children and show little affection. Parents practicing this style of parenting tend to be emotionally distant or even hostile to their children. Children raised by uninvolved parents often fail to develop a clear sense of identity. This can lead to depression, anxiety, and poor social skills as they get older. These children are also more likely to have behavioral problems and become involved in crime as they get older. An uninvolved parenting style can lead to several emotional, social, and psychological issues for the child.

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