Understanding Stages of Child Mental Development - childevelopment.net

Understanding Stages of Child Mental Development


A woman sitting on a bed

Identifying and understanding the different child mental development stages is important as this allows parents to properly care for their children. Identifying the stages of development is also imperative in helping to choose the right type of treatment as well as education for your child. Knowing these stages helps you be prepared to provide the best possible care for your child.

Which Are The Development Stages Of Your Child?

A birthday cake

The first four development stages are perimenopause, puberty, pregnancy and child birth. Each stage has specific challenges associated with it and the child at each stage experiences special physical and mental changes. Perimenopause is the final part of a woman’s menstrual cycle and is often a difficult time for a young child as they transition from childhood to adolescence. During this stage a woman may experience hot flashes, moodiness and hair loss and may also notice a reduction in facial or body hair.

Growth is the process by which children grow and reach adulthood. Children reach this stage of development between approximately two to five years old. During this time they begin to demonstrate an interest in reading, having social skills and asking questions. Some children at this point may even start speaking. Some of the most common symptoms associated with growth are a child who ask a lot of questions, seems curious but does not have an inclination to learn, is a leader in class and plays with a group of peers.

Stage One – Pre-Teen

A group of people looking at a laptop

 At this stage a child may still be sleeping, playing, eating, potty training and walking. A child may be sitting, standing or walking across the floor. They will begin to exhibit self-directed play and may attempt to build and develop one or two self esteem skills such as being self-confident, a strong sense of purpose or working with a team. They will usually participate in a lot of team building activities.

Stage Two – Adolescent

 During adolescence a child will begin to become more sociable, confident and well balanced. They will begin to show an interest in sports, music, art and games. They will be more mature and responsible. Relationships will be more mature too. During this stage, children are also beginning to start forming long term friendships.

Stage Three – Teen

During the teenage years a child continues to grow emotionally and develops mental growth. The teen years are a time when peer pressure is more intense and they will be less likely to have good relationships. However, they can have positive relationships if the child chooses to. A teenager will spend a lot of time in school learning about their education and choose to remain on top of things.

Stage Four – Adult

The adult stage of development is an important time for a child to begin developing mentally. A child who reaches adulthood will have achieved a lot of developmental goals. They may have reached self-esteem and confidence and be able to live a successful life. The adult child may think carefully about what they want to do with the rest of their lives.

It is important for parents to understand the different stages of child mental development. This allows them to recognize any changes in their child. If a child seems confused, doesn’t know where they stand or seems shy, seek help. Don’t wait for your child to hit the absolute bottom. This will only set the stage for failure in the future.

Child psychologists can help you monitor your child’s mental, physical, and emotional development. They can identify the stages of adolescence. They can identify which areas need the most attention. If your child is at a mild stage, they may recommend a parent-teacher facilitator relationship.

Final Thoughts

At this stage the child is still young and needs time to get used to adults and social situations. They may have difficulties making friends. They may be trying to form appropriate relationships with their peers. The child may also be trying to establish who they are as an individual. All of these things are normal. It is important to remember that the child will outgrow all of these things and be ready for the next stage of life.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter